Now the wolf has come: the Creek Nation in the Civil War

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Publisher:
Texas A&M University Press,
Pub. Date:
[1996]
Edition:
1st ed.
Language:
English
Description
In the winter of 1861-62, nine thousand Native Americans in Indian Territory took a chance. Drawing on little else but wits, raw courage, and unshakable faith in the old gods, and their aging leader, Opothleyahola, they made a desperate escape from Confederate troops that were closing in. Seeking to reach the protection of federal forces in Kansas, their dramatic journey, recounted here from a unique Creek/Muskogee perspective, was filled with hazards; their destination, with disillusion and despair. The fleeing tribes suffered on the trek from blizzards, disease, and starvation. Constant harassment and desperate pitched battles with rival bands of the Creek Nation led by the Confederate-allied McIntosh family, adjoining Cherokees under Colonel Stand Waitie, and Texan Confederate sympathizers whittled away the number of survivors. When they finally straggled into Kansas, two thousand were dead or missing. Even then, their trials were not over: Federal "protection" proved to be hollow and harsh. Along with many others, Old Opothleyahola himself died in one of the bleak Federal camps. The complexity of the relationship between Opothleyahola and McIntosh--and the Native American strategies they represented--the passion of the Civil War, and the drama of battles and pursuits fill the pages of this story of an earlier day's refugee plight. Told from the Native American view of the events, never before written, this narrative account relies heavily on Creek oral tradition. Personal interviews with members of the Muskogee Nation have been supplemented with academic research in state, federal, and university archives and in the records of the Museum of the Muskogee Nation in Okmulgee, Oklahoma. Not only students of Native American history but also those interested in the Civil War will find this volume invaluable reading.
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ISBN:
9780890966891
9780585174679
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Grouped Work IDf510a2f1-b116-147e-ae01-ae41fb586828
Grouping Titlenow the wolf has come the creek nation in the civil war
Grouping Authorwhite christine schultz
Grouping Categorybook
Last Grouping Update2019-10-09 02:31:42AM
Last Indexed2019-10-16 06:26:52AM

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auth_author2White, Benton R. 1949-
authorWhite, Christine Schultz, 1956-
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ils:.b58133288BookBooks1st ed.EnglishTexas A&M University Press, [1996]xiii, 193 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
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subject_facet
American Civil War (1861-1865)
Amerikaanse burgeroorlog
Confederate States of America -- History
Creek
Creek (Indiens) -- 19e sie?cle
Creek (Indiens) -- 19e siècle
Creek (Indiens) -- Politique et gouvernement
Creek Indians
Creek Indians -- Government relations
Creek Indians -- History -- 19th century
Creek Indians -- Relocation
Creek Indians -- Relocation -- Indian Territory
Electronic books
Geschichte 1861-1862
HISTORY
History
Indians of North America
Indians of North America -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Oklahoma -- Indian Territory
Sezessionskrieg
Sezessionskrieg (1861-1865)
United States
United States -- Confederate States of America
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Verenigde Staten
Verplaatsingen
title_displayNow the wolf has come : the Creek Nation in the Civil War
title_fullNow the wolf has come : the Creek Nation in the Civil War / by Christine Schultz White and Benton R. White
title_shortNow the wolf has come
title_subthe Creek Nation in the Civil War
topic_facetAmerikaanse burgeroorlog
Creek
Creek (Indiens)
Creek Indians
Geschichte 1861-1862
Government relations
HISTORY
History
Indians of North America
Politique et gouvernement
Relocation
Sezessionskrieg
Sezessionskrieg (1861-1865)
Verplaatsingen